A map of the most toxic industrial boilers USA In the category Safety repairs Many people are interested in knowledge and learning about many subjects, this knowledge may be vital at some point in your life, attention enough, and dive into more detail more articles and learn more information about A map of the most toxic industrial boilers USA.
map of the most toxic industrial boilers USA
Much of the most dangerous for the atmosphere boilers are in the ” industrial ” states, it states , located east of the Mississippi River, but also in the west has 68 such boilers.
Industrial plants in North Carolina, Pennsylvania and South Carolina have to do a major upgrade of its manufacturing processes , when, and if EPA ( environmental protection agency ) will cause business owners to solve the problem of toxic emissions from power boilers , industrial enterprises.
This information has recently produced a non-profit organization (Earth justice), marked on the map location of 1,753 industrial boilers . These are the same boilers, which will cause pollution of ” curb ” in accordance with the new rules worked out by the Office for the Protection of the Environment . Most of the boilers ” offenders ” is working in heavy industry east of the Mississippi.
“We had to break your head over how to make the dialogue more real ,” – said Jim Pew , a staff attorney of the company , which specializes in environmental law .
“The term ‘ boiler ‘ is often misleading because people understand by the device that is in their basement . However, the scale of these local sources of energy is huge. Many people are unaware that there are industrial power plant near their homes. And in this neighborhood , they are constantly surrounded by a lot of pollution. People need to know what the emissions performance of such stations , then they will understand why they need to control. ”
Industrial boiler is a large circular tank . Fuel , air and water to enter them on conventional pipes , chimneys and the exhaust gases discharged into the atmosphere or air pollution control . Inside the boiler fuel is burned , and during this process produces steam which is fed through the tubes of the boiler to produce their own energy , or heat. Typically, industrial boilers, which are of interest EPA, run on fuels such as coal, oil, or bio- fuel.
EPA issued its latest package of rules for industrial boilers December 2. The 60-day public comment period ended on Tuesday . Representatives of the agencies plan to issue a final version of the rules in the spring. If Congress does not lay a ban on the rules , they will take effect over the next few years.
Standards – known as ” maximum achievable control technology boilers » (MACT)- reduce the number of permissible toxic pollutants , including mercury , sulfur dioxide, dioxin, lead, nitrogen dioxide , as well as the size of which is less than the thickness of a human hair.
An estimated EPA, the new rules for boilers to prevent 8,100 premature deaths , 5,100 heart attacks and 52,000 cases of asthma exacerbation .
Earth justice study showed that 1,753 toxic boilers with which it is trying to fight , are 758 private industrial facilities in 44 states , Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands .
States with 50 or more boilers – ” troublemakers ” is North Carolina (166 ), Pennsylvania (99), South Carolina ( 91 ) Virginia (87 ), Indiana (86 ), Michigan (84 ), Ohio (83 ), Wisconsin ( 72 ) , MN (68 ) AL (61 ), Illinois (60), Tennessee (59) , Georgia (55) and IA (51).
Steel rolling companies , paper manufacturers , chemical plants and other industrial enterprises, often set several boilers in one place to meet their energy needs. For example, North Carolina 166 boilers are 52 plants.
A breakdown of the potentially dangerous boiler in the states , which are made Earth justice does not include Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, South Dakota , Utah and Vermont. In these six states are mostly small industrial zone .
At 1,753 boilers in enterprises that are subject to the rules in the year emit 10,000 pounds of mercury , 215,000 pounds of lead , 123,000 pounds of chromium , 100 million pounds of hydrogen chloride , and 100 million pounds of solid particles.
According to the EPA, these boilers are the third -scale source of mercury pollution in the United States .
“The most amazing thing is that such a small number of industrial plants is responsible for huge atmospheric pollution ,” – said Pugh . ” Among the vast number of businesses only tiny group causes so much damage .”
Terms of EPA, which should have been taken a long time, apply to two categories of boilers – 14,000 globally polluting boilers and 187,000 local polluting boilers.
88 per cent of global pollutants boilers – about 12,300 – can be brought into line with the standards of emissions annually exercising their setting. The remaining 12 percent – including 1,753 boilers , which are indicated on the map Earth justice – to minimize toxic emissions need to be upgraded or replaced.
Ninety- eight percent of local polluting boilers – about 183.300 – will meet emissions standards in the performance of their regular maintenance. The remaining 2 percent , which is about 3,700 , will have to upgrade to be able to control their emissions.