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How to align the walls with his own hands
The process of preparing the old walls for painting it may seem tedious process, is a simple process, but you need some patience, and the final result out straight and touch the wall, and a device for paint, and this is what we will talk about in this article.
Repair! Not only is the money usually spent on it is much more than originally planned , so more and stretched it to an infinitely long time. Now we will focus on aligning the walls with his own hands – stage repair, which may well perform even inexperienced ” home builder .” We need only a little bit to try and make some effort to adhere to certain rules.
Methods of alignment of walls
Align the wall in two ways. ” Raw ” alignment is performed using mortars : a primer , putty and plaster. The “dry” method involves the use of sheets of drywall , which are assembled from a variety of designs .
The main thing that is required from the home worker , and in the first and in the second case – strict compliance with the ” step by step instructions .” Only on this condition can achieve excellent results . Besides, whatever way you do not get special attention is paid to equalize corner of the room , as even the slightest ground in these places can then break the whole further course work.
Thus, the crude alignment method resorting walls when the differences in altitude are small and the surface is from 30 to 60 mm. At high performance irregularities wall plastering is possible, but not rational , because it requires a lot more effort and building material , and therefore , time and material costs.
If the walls of the apartment , ” wavy ” and did not find any smooth corner , you should use a second method – plasterboard construction . The only way to guarantee a perfectly smooth surface of the walls and , importantly, the right angles .
Alignment of the walls with sheets of drywall
Alignment sheets of plasterboard walls is applied when differences of irregularities are at least 5 cm So the first stage of repair in this case is to determine the size of the irregularities . This is done very simply : the horizontal surface irregularities are defined by a taut thread along the wall , vertically – with a plumb line .
Then you need to mount on the wall surface concealed wiring and junction boxes under the display socket. Next on the wall mounted frame consisting of strips of galvanized metal sheets .
After all died out to the millimeter , you can start fixing plasterboard . It uses common building screws, with which sheets firmly attached to strips of metal sheets .
When the wall is complete we need to plaster plasterboard panels to perfectly flat surface. And after complete drying of the plaster can start pasting wall wallpaper.
Attach the drywall sheets on the wall and can be another way – using a special glue mixture . Moreover, all substances that can impair the contact of the adhesive should be most careful way removed. The remains of mortar , oil , wax, gently clean off the dust , then the wall surface is primed , and only after that you can start fixing plasterboard panels.
The advantage of this method for equalizing walls is that a plasterboard panel can be further put sound and heat insulating layer . The disadvantage of this method can be called the reduction of useful floor area , plus plasterboard panels will be able to withstand a much lower overhead than the walls covered with mortars .
Alignment of the walls by plastering
Before starting work, be sure to disconnect the wiring , thoroughly clean the surface of the wall from the remnants of mortar , old plaster , wallpaper , etc. Then the prepared surface to apply primer and only then proceed to determine the level of irregularities .
To do this, choose the protruding section of the wall , using a level and rule and only then proceed to the installation of metal structures – the lighthouses.
Back away from the adjacent wall about 20 cm and a vertical line on the filler surface treated walls of the small handful of quick-drying plaster solution. Then, attach it to the lighthouse , coordinating the correctness of his diligence with a spirit level and string stretched horizontally along the entire length of the wall .
In doing so , set the desired number of lighthouses in series across the wall. Making sure that the distance between adjacent beacons used does not exceed the length of the rules.
Once the plaster solution , which serves to mount beacon is completely dry , you can start making plaster. This solution was prepared on the basis of cold water in the proportions indicated on the packaging mortar .
The prepared solution immediately jump on the surface of the wall between the beacons so that it protrudes slightly above the level of the control profiles. After that , moving generally upward and slightly to the left and right, smooth the surface . So , gradually , treat the entire wall.
After completion of the work and complete drying putty solution to clean up the surface of the wall construction spreader or regular sandpaper. Then, on the final layer of the primer coating to further provide a better grip it with paint or glue mixture under the wallpaper .
You can choose either a dry or wet the alignment of walls – it all depends on your desires , experiences and opportunities. In any case, the walls in your home to be completely flat and will be for a long time to please you with its perfect lines and perfectly smooth surface