What is a convector heating and how it works In the category Home Heating Systems Many people are interested in knowledge and learning about many subjects, this knowledge may be vital at some point in your life, attention enough, and dive into more detail more articles and learn more information about What is a convector heating and how it works.
Today, the economy is becoming a basic requirement in all spheres of life, including the heating of houses. The more that all engineering systems of heating is the most expensive both in terms of installation, materials and equipment, and in terms of energy costs. Because the new technologies in this area immediately becoming popular and in demand. No exception and convectors heating.
Today manufacturers offer two types of convectors, who work from different types of fuel, water and electric. Makes no sense to compare them, but understand each need. Therefore, define their advantages and disadvantages, types, principles of operation and efficiency of heating.
Water Heating convectors
The first option is water floor convector heating. There are various models of such heating device:
Radiators with forced circulation of coolant.
With natural circulation.
Devices that can operate in wet areas.
Today this type of heating equipment is very much in demand, because it has several advantages:
Firstly, it’s a huge assortment of both material manufacture and in form, size, color and design registration. All of this increases the possibilities of choice of the instrument and for the technical and aesthetic parameters.
Design principle and appearance
Outside floor water convectors are similar to box, inside which the heat exchanger is installed, and some models even more. The Tote is made of steel sheets, and a heat exchanger with aluminium or copper. This is due to the high thermal conductivity of both metals. Dimensions of convectors vary from one to two meters. But if you wish to make a reservation, and manufacturers will produce devices required dimensions.
Connected convectors for heating system through threaded adapters. Connect them by any means through hoses, pipes or corrugated. Here it is important that the adapter was able to withstand the temperature of the coolant and be leak in the connection. Incidentally, experts note that the mounting process is fairly simple, and you can hold your hands.
Many manufacturers are now offering models in the structure which includes a fan that operates from AC power. But it does not need a current at 220 volts. Therefore, the kit includes a step-down to 12 volt transformer and thermostatic valve. From these two devices of the coefficient of efficiency of the heat exchanger only increases. This is the first. And the second is the increased inertia systems in General.
How noisy is this heater? Noise is but a small and almost inaudible, since its power is only 23 decibels.
How to choose the right device tips professional
It is clear that correctly picked the heating device is key to the efficient operation of the heating network. So to this question should be treated very carefully. When choosing to consider the following options:
The temperature of the coolant.
The air temperature in the premises.
Heating autonomous or centralized.
Presence in other devices and appliances that emit heat when operating.
Many may wonder whether having the last paragraph. You should not ignore it, since many appliances emit significant heat energy. For example, running a TV or computer. If you correctly calculate extra warmth, you can just save when buying a heater.
Now about how much thermal energy must allocate this heater to warm up a room in your home. Experts recommend to set up one score is 100 watts per 1 square meter area of the premises. However, this calculation is approximate.
And the last thing that you need to pay attention to is the pressure of the coolant in the network. Currently, manufacturers offer a different approach where the minimum rate equal to two atmosferam, and the maximum is twelve. Therefore, water heaters can be used in engines and autonomous, and central heating.
Materials is their reliability and energy consumption
As in the construction of water convectors are used non-ferrous metals, and the price of the device proper. But most of these metals to the device not only well to heat energy, but also serve as long as they are not exposed to processes of corrosion. But the case of convectors can be manufactured from steel sheet or stainless steel. The second option is better, but much more expensive. In the first case the surface of the hull just painted in any color you favorite.
Upper body Panel has transverse holes of various shapes and sizes, through which runs a heat in the room. Some models are equipped with decorative grating of various materials, painted in different colors. So whatever the convector will easily fit into a chosen Interior premises.
There are all kinds of water convectors nuance, which concerns the work of the fan. This unit is able to operate from the network as AC and DC. If it works from DC, it consumes electricity at about 70% less. But in wet areas these convectors can not be installed. Here are the only devices that run from the network of alternating current.
Nothing to do with their watermarked “sister they have not. Except that the appearance of something they like. Coolant in this case is an electric current that heats the special items. It can be a spiral or a ceramic heating element. The first is traditional and is used long enough. However, with time spiral, since in the open state she withstood the long operation, on the air. In addition, when her work in the premises of oxygen in large amounts, which is also not very good.
The second heating element is more expensive, but the term of its operation above, and external data it is more attractive. By the way, you can not close the decorative Panel or bars because he so looks quite presentable.
What are electrical appliances?
Distribution of heat upward suggests that better deliver convectors near the floor surface.
Hence the traditional place settings:
Floor option. From the name it is clear that they are placed on the floor. Is a mobile model that can be placed in any room. The main thing is that the distance from the wall outlet to the device was equal to the length of the power supply cord.
Wall mount option. This is the stationary model, which to walls usually below the window opening.
Embedded in the floor model. The original version, the main advantage of which is invisibility. Mounted it under the floor covering, setting the top decorative trellis. All installation work and training niche under the convector are at the stage of building a House.
The advantages and disadvantages
The first thing that catches your eye is the simplicity of installation works, and no complicated connections. Enough to bring the outlet or lengthen the power wire. No service just when cleaning them wipe cloth. The lifespan of a pretty big up to 20 years if the unit made a decent manufacturer. Coefficient of efficiency almost 100% because it used electricity only goes on heating without any losses.
Ecology of work of modern electric convectors is not suffering, because they do not emit harmful substances and do not burn oxygen. In addition, these devices operate noiselessly, sometimes you can hear the click of the thermostat. Minimum inertia devices is another of their plus. The room heated quickly since they are in the design does not need to first heat the coolant. Incorporated the device into the outlet, and immediately begins the process of heating.
And the last. Electric convector is a heating solution «sustainable House. It does not require installation of pipelines, installation of valves or automatic control devices and regulations. But, of course, for the price of the convector will be slightly more expensive.
Choose a convector with software control.
Often the high price of the instrument depends not on qualitative characteristics and appearance.
And a few disadvantages:
Especially note electrical energy, the price of which is constantly rising. In addition, the disruption of its supply is the bane of many regions.
The second is is not optimal and the uneven distribution of heat throughout the volume of the room. The higher ceiling in the House, the forecasted temperature difference near the floor and ceiling. Sometimes it happens, that the ceiling temperature of + 30 c, and the floor is only + 15 c.
How to choose the right device is a small trivia
Many of the inhabitants are asked questions about choosing the right electric convectors. Of course, don’t forget about external data, that is about the size and shape, as well as the color and design. This is all very important. But first of all we recommend you to pay attention to the power device is one kilowatt on 10 squares square at the height of ceilings of up to three meters.
The shape and dimensions of the devices practically does not affect the effectiveness of their work. For example, the so-called plìntusnì heaters, which have a height of only 13 centimeters. But their power is quite enough.
Currently, manufacturers offer products envisaged special sensors for temperature control. Usually they are used function when you need to keep the temperature in the premises to + 7 c. While such work significantly saves electricity.
Conclusion on the topic
So, are you convinced that Heating convectors of today is a matter of routine. And every master of the House decides which system to choose. If you are not concerned about large cash expenses on electricity consumption and electricity supply in your area is constant, then the best option is to install the electric convectors. With them and the problems less, and serve them is not necessary.
If all of these problems in the availability, and convector you decide to choose as a heating device, then one option is to install a water equivalent. However, for this will need to construct the entire heating system with the installation of the heating boiler, pipes, installation of the circulating pump and valves.